Lieutenant A N P ServicePublished by Webmaster on 07/21/2003 (8353 reads)
In memory of
Lieutenant A N P Service
Remembered with honour
RAILWAY DUGOUTS BURIAL GROUND,
Ieper, West-Viaanderen, Belgium.
In the perpetual care of the
Commonwealth War Graves Commission
A N P Service
52nd Bn., Canadian Infantry
who died on Friday, 18th August 1916.
Railway Dugouts Burial Ground (Transport Farm) is located 2 kilometres south-east of Ieper town centre, on the Komenseweg, a road connecting Ieper to Komen (N366). From Ieper town centre the Komenseweg is located via the Rijselsestraat, through the Rijselpoort (Little Gate) and crossing the Ieper ring road, towards Armentieres and Little. The road name changes to Rijselseweg. 1 kilometre along the Rijselseweg lies the left hand turning onto Komenseweg. The cemetery itself is located 1.2 kilometres along the Komenseweg on the right hand side of the road.
At 2 kilometres west of the village of Zillebeke the railway runs on an embankment, overlooking a small farmstead know to the British Army as Transport farm. It is a place screened by slightly rising ground to the East, and burials on the site of the cemetery began in April, 1915. They were continued until the Armistice, especially in 1916 and 1917, when Advance dressing Stations were placed in the Dougouts and the farm. They were made in small groups, without any definite arrangement; and in the summer of 1917 a considerable number were obliterated by shell fire before they could be marked. The names "Railway Dougouts" and "Transport Farm" were used indifferently, and both are included in the present name.
At the time of the Armistice, 1.705 graves were known and marked. other graves were then brought in from the battlefields and small cemeteries in the neighbourhoods, and 258 known graves, destroyed by artillery fire, were specifically commemorated. The latter were mainly in the present Plots IV and V11.
There are now nearly 2,500, 1914-18 war casualties commemorated in this site. Of these, over 400 are unidentified and 261 are represented by special memorials. Other special memorials record the names of 42 soldiers from Canada and 30 from the United Kingdom, buried in other cemeteries, whose graves were destroyed in later fighting.
The cemetery covers an area of 16,374 square metres and is enclosed by a rubble wall, except where it borders the pond. VALLEY COTTAGES CEMETERY, ZILLEBEKE, was among a group of cottages on "Observatory Road", which runs Eastward from Zillebeke village. It contained the graves of 111 soldiers from the United kingdom and Canada. It was in an exposed position during the greater part of the war, and of the graves init are represented by special memorials in Railway Dugouts Burial Ground.
TRANSPORTATION FARM ANNEXE was about 90 metres South-East of the railway Dugouts Cemetery, on the road to Verbrandenmolen. The graves in it were removed to perth Cemetery (China Wall), Zillebeke; but the officer, whose grave was not found, is specially commemorated here.
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